Chickenpox is an acute infectious disease that can break out into an outbreak. This disease appears in both adults and children. Today’s article will provide useful information for parents dealing with chicken pox in children.

Help parents understand chickenpox

Chickenpox is what disease?

Chickenpox belongs to the group of infectious skin diseases that are caused by Varicella Zoster virus. It is reported that more than 90% of people who have not been vaccinated are at risk of infection. The disease usually appears in the spring in predominantly children under 10 years old. However, the disease can also cause in adults, especially pregnant women.

The disease has a high rate of transmission, directly from person to person. The path of transmission of the disease is often through the air, healthy people will get sick if they get saliva from chickenpox patients when they sneeze, cough, … If not stopped in time, it will flare up into an outbreak.

In addition, chicken pox can be spread from a burn wound when they break open, or on skin lesions or ulcers from a chickenpox patient. In particular, pregnant women with chickenpox have a very high risk of transmitting the fetus through the placenta.

Symptoms of chickenpox

The signs of chickenpox are divided into 2 stages:

  • Stage of onset: similar to other viral infections, patients have symptoms such as fever, headache, muscle aches, etc. In particular, chicken pox in children often has no warning signs. .

  • Stage of onset: on the patient with “stubble”. The characteristic of this note is the small size of the circle appearing in about 12 – 24 hours. Then, they will develop into blisters, boils. These stains may appear throughout the body or scattered in several places. The average number of patients with chickenpox is usually 100 – 500 nodules.

Chickenpox contains viruses, so when exposed to the fluid in chickenpox will get chickenpox infection. In the case of dry blisters that turn into flakes will go away on their own in 4-5 days. Chickenpox in children usually lasts 5 to 10 days, causing children to miss school.

It should be noted that, if not properly controlled and treated chickenpox will cause many serious complications such as infections on the skin, blood infections, bones / joints, even pneumonia, encephalitis, …

What are the serious complications of chickenpox?

Chickenpox is considered benign but still has the potential to cause serious complications if left untreated. Some common complications such as:

  • Infections of vesicles, internal hemorrhage: this condition is common in chickenpox in children because they are difficult to control, causing blisters or peeling to cause infections, pus and sores.

  • Encephalitis and meningitis: common complications in adults and children. This complication is usually 7 days after the water balloon appears. But adults are at higher risk for this complication than children. If not handled promptly will result in death.

  • Chickenpox pneumonia: susceptible in adults with signs such as coughing a lot, even coughing up blood, chest tightness and shortness of breath.

  • Perinatal chickenpox: a complication found in pregnant women. If the mother has chickenpox 2 or 5 days before or after birth, it is very dangerous for the fetus. Babies can get the disease from their mother or have a disability or die.

  • Shingles nerve: Although the disease has recovered but the chickenpox virus is still attached to the nerve roots. If the nervous system weakens, the virus will work again and cause shingles.

Chickenpox in children like?

The following suggestions help parents to take care of their children properly and minimize the risk of complications and help them recover soon:

  • Children with chickenpox need to stay in a negative pressure isolation room to prevent infecting healthy people. After discharge, patients still need to be isolated until they recover completely.

  • Farmers must wear a N95 mask (for people who have not had chickenpox) and surgical masks (for people with a history of disease or vaccinated against chickenpox). Children should also wear a face mask when taking their child to a specialist or a probe. Also need hygiene before and after caring for your baby.

  • Use a blue-methylene or castellani solution on blisters or broken burns.

  • Absolutely do not allow children to scratch blisters and pus fins to the surrounding skin. It is best for children to wear cloth gloves to avoid impact on blisters.

  • Combining antibiotics or antipyretics for chickenpox patients must follow the instructions of a doctor.

  • Clean daily nose and throat clean with 0.9% physiological saline.

  • Let children wear soft clothes, sweat-absorbing and special skin hygiene for children to prevent unwanted complications. Bathe your child with warm water and change clothes right in the bathroom.

  • Offer soft, liquid foods that are easy to swallow and digest. In particular, give children plenty of water or juice.

  • Use separate personal items with towels, glasses, spoons, chopsticks, …

  • Avoid contact with crowded areas to prevent infection.

  • Limiting to the wind because the body is susceptible to colds and makes the disease worse.

How to prevent chickenpox

Currently, medicine has provided effective chickenpox vaccine. Children in particular need to be vaccinated against chickenpox. Parents with young children should monitor and have children vaccinated on schedule:

  • Nose 1: done when the child is 1 year old.

  • From 1 to 13 years: at least 1 month after the 1st dose.

  • After 13 years: at least 30 days after the 1st injection.

For cases of not having had chickenpox vaccine but contacting with chickenpox patients, they must get vaccinated within 3 days. Be careful not to share personal belongings or touch the blisters of people with chickenpox.

Chickenpox patients must be isolated from family members and the community. The chickenpox patient’s room must be clean with cleaning solution.

Chickenpox in children can be cured if detected promptly and handled properly. Parents take care of children as well as themselves carefully to avoid the risk of infection.